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MEDICINA DELLO SPORT

A Journal on Sports Medicine


Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
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Medicina dello Sport 2016 June;69(2):297-307

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English, Italian

The hamstring muscles: anatomy, biomechanics and risk injury

Piero VOLPI 1, 2, Gian Nicola BISCIOTTI 3

1 Medical Unit, FC International, Milan, Italy; 2 Istituto Clinico Humanitas, IRCCS Rozzano, Milan, Italy; 3 Qatar Othopedic and Sport Medicine Hospital, FIFA Center of Excellence, Doha, Qatar


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The thigh flexor muscle complex, universally known by the collective name of hamstring, is one of the muscle groups most affected by indirect muscle injuries. In addition, also the number of re-injuries is extremely high. The hamstring lesions are also particularly complicated by the rehabilitation point of view because of the difficulty of their healing process. This difficulty of biological healing can be explained by the particular anatomical structure of this muscle group. In addition, the biomechanics of the sport movement can substantially affect the injury anatomical location.

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