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MEDICINA DELLO SPORT
A Journal on Sports Medicine
Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,163
Medicina dello Sport 2016 June;69(2):204-14
language: English, Italian
Sport activity of children and adolescents with hemophilia
Iwona SZYMKUĆ-BUKOWSKA 1, Andrzej KURYLAK 2, Małgorzata CISOWSKA-ADAMIAK 1, Magdalena MACKIEWICZ-MILEWSKA 1, Wojciech HAGNER 1
1 Department of Rehabilitation, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń, Poland; 2 Department of Pediatrics, Hematology and Oncology, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń, Poland
BACKGROUND: At present, hemophilia treatment enables the patients to lead active lives and practice various sport disciplines. The aim of this study was to analyze the physical activity levels in children and adolescents with severe and moderate hemophilia A and B compared to their healthy peers.
METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 67 boys with established hemophilia and their 91 healthy peers. The studied group included 62 (92.54%) patients with hemophilia A and 5 (7.46%) individuals with hemophilia B. Sixty of the examined boys (89.55%) had severe hemophilia and seven (10.45%) had moderate hemophilia. Familial pattern of the disease was observed in 30 (44.78%) participants.
RESULTS: As many as 51 out of 67 children with hemophilia (76.12%) engaged in at least one sport discipline, while 16 (23.88%) subjects were not involved in any form of sport activity. Only two boys with hemophilia participated in physical education classes at school. The majority of hemophiliac boys engaged in swimming or cycling (n=32 each), the others participated in football (N.=9), table tennis (N.=7), basketball (N.=3), or running (N.=2).
CONCLUSIONS: Despite prophylactic infusions, the level of sport activity in boys with hemophilia is relatively low.