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MEDICINA DELLO SPORT
A Journal on Sports Medicine
Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,163
Medicina dello Sport 2016 March;69(1):41-8
language: English, Italian
Effect of exercise order on multiple one-repetition maximal test performance
Diego SOUSA 1, 2, André PIRAUÁ 1, 2, 3, Natália BELTRÃO 3, 4, Dalton LIMA JÚNIOR 5, Luciano OLIVEIRA 1, 6, Antônio LIMA NETO 1, 6, Rodrigo ARAÚJO 3, 4
1 Asces College, Pernambuco, Brazil; 2 Group of Research in Health and Sport, Asces, Pernambuco, Brazil; 3 Laboratry of Research in Health and Functional Performance, UPE, Pernambuco, Brazil; 4 Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Pernambuco, Brazil; 5 University of Pernambuco, Pernambuco, Brazil; 6 Group of Research in Public Health Asces, Pernambuco, Brazil
BACKGROUND: The One-Repetition (1-RM) Test has been one of the most used to evaluate strength, due to its applicability and low cost. For its accurate application warm-up, familiarization and rest interval must be carefully considered. There are no considerations regarding the exercise order when multiple1-RM tests are performed. Thus, the aim of this study was to verify whether exercise order could influence subjects’ performance during multiple 1-RM tests executed in the same session.
METHODS: Thirteen males (23.0±4.8 years; 23.9±3.0 kg/m2) experienced in resistance training participated in this crossover and cross-sectional study. Each subject performed eight 1-RM tests for different exercises in two sequences: sequence A (bench press, leg press 45, seated row, hack machine, triceps extension, hamstring curl, biceps curl, and hip adduction) and sequence B, composed of the same exercises as Sequence A in the reverse order.
RESULTS: The paired t-test did not identify any significant difference between the values of the 1-RM test in the two sequences in all tested exercises: bench press (P=0.37), leg press 45 (P=0.17), seated row (P=0.39), hack machine (P=0.12), triceps extension (P=0.17), hamstring curl (P=0.37), biceps curl (P=0.08), and hip adduction (P=0.45).
CONCLUSIONS: Although several evidences indicate that order affects performance during a training session, the presented results show that exercise order does not affect performance in multiple 1-RM tests, and so maximal strength for different exercises can be assessed in the same session.