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MEDICINA DELLO SPORT
A Journal on Sports Medicine
Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,163
Medicina dello Sport 2015 December;68(4):585-90
language: English, Italian
Carotid intima thickness in children after a three-month exercise program
Cakmak A. 1, Kurkcu R. 2, Cece H. 3
1 Department of Pediatrics, University of Harran School of Medicine, Sanliurfa, Turkey;
2 School of Physical Education and Sports, Amasya University, Amasya, Turkey;
3 Department of Radiology, University of Harran School of Medicine, Sanliurfa, Turkey
AIM: This study, aimed to investigate the effect of regular physical exercise on the carotid intima media (CIM) layer in male children aged 10-12 years.
METHODS: The study included a total of 21 male children with a mean age of 11.2±0.6 years and mean weight of 37.9±7.6 kg who had not previously undertaken active sport. The participants were trained by a professional sports instructor for a period of 12 weeks as preparation for a competition. The CIM measurement at the start of the study and at the end of 12 weeks. The CIM measurement was examined with Doppler ultrasonography.
RESULTS: A statistically significant difference was determined in the values measured before and after the exercise program in right CIM and left CIM. The right CIM was measured as 0.441±0.040 mm before the exercise program and as 0.4557±0.034 mm after the program. The left CIM was measured as 0.4305±0.0352 mm before the exercise program and as 0.4581±0.0297 mm after the program. The differences were determined to be statistically significant (P<0.007, P<0.0001, respectively).
CONCLUSION: Regular exercise performed by the children was determined to have led to an increase in the carotid intima media thickness.