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A Journal on Sports Medicine
Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,163
Medicina dello Sport 2015 December;68(4):563-75
language: English, Italian
Functional assessment of male track and field runners through functional movement screen test
Adamczyk J. G. 1, 2, Boguszewski D. 1, Bialoszewski D. 1
1 Physiotherapy Division, Department of Rehabilitation, Warsaw Medical University, Warsaw, Poland;
2 Department of Theory of Sport, Józef Piłsudski University of Phisical Education of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
AIM: Functional motor training is intended to lower the risk of sustaining an injury. The aim of the study was to conduct a functional analysis and assessment of track and field male athletes.
METHODS: The sample group consisted of 90 participants divided into three groups: sprinters (sprint, N.=32), middle-distance runners (middle, N.=28), and athletes who did not practice running (control, N.=30). The study was conducted in high-intensity training periods, during which the athletes displayed a high level of sports performance. For the purposes of the functional assessment, the functional movement screen (FMS) was used.
RESULTS: A mean test score equaled 16.53 in the sprint group and 16.96 in the middle group. These groups scored significantly higher (P<0.001) than non-athletes, which suggests that the risk of sustaining an injury due to functional movement deficits amounts to approximately 25%. Athletes scored significantly higher than non-athletes (13.32; P<0.001). In none of the groups it resulted the existence of statistically significant relationships (P>0.05) between a score achieved in the FMS test and the variables age, height, body mass, and athletic experience demonstrated. Both groups scored the lowest in the rotary stability test.
CONCLUSION: The results corroborate the beneficial impact of athletic training on functional fitness, which warrants the elements of such training to be introduced to general physical fitness training as part of injury prevention. FMS may be an effective tool for screen testing in sport.