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MEDICINA DELLO SPORT
A Journal on Sports Medicine
Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,163
Medicina dello Sport 2015 September;68(3):515-22
language: English, Italian
The role played by motor activity in the prevention of osteoporosis: observational study of a sample of athletes
Arrighi A. 1, Tallone C. 2, Casabella A. 3, Venzano V. 1, Pistorio A. 4, Seriolo B. 3, Molfetta L. 1, 3
1 Scuola di Dottorato in Scienze e Tecnologie Biomediche, Dipartimento DINOGMI, Università degli Studi di Genova, Genova, Italy;
2 Corsi di Laurea in Scienze Motorie, Università degli Studi di Genova, Genova, Italy;
3 Centro di Ricerca sull’Osteoporosi e patologie Osteoarticolari, Università degli Studi di Genova, Genova, Italy;
4 Servizio Epidemiologia Clinica e Biostatistica I.R.C.C.S. Giannina Gaslini, Università degli Studi di Genova, Genova, Italy
AIM: Osteoporosis is a systemic disease and progressive of the skeleton, characterized by a decreased bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue. Regular exercise is a mainstay of intervention programs in the management of osteoporosis. This study aims to evaluate the changes in excess or deficiency of bone mass density in athletes subjected to different types of physical activity, considering also as a dynamic mechanical stimulation in athletes may be sufficient to achieve an improvement in the mineralization were osseous.
METHODS: Forty-five male subjects aged between 23 and 74 years were recruited; 15 were basketball players, 15 cyclists and 15 swimmers. We subjected the group to study the calcaneal bone densitometry. All participants play a minimum of 2 sessions per week of physical training.
RESULTS: Physical activity has a positive effect on the major risk factors for osteoporosis, significantly reducing the risk of fractures, provided that you comply with certain rules. For the stimulus -induced both osteogenic and remodeling, the mechanical load skeletal must be higher than a threshold minimum effective, although an excess of stress produces a bone with less resistance biomechanics.
CONCLUSION: The study shows that it is important to act in primary prevention by highlighting those who educates children and young people that it is good to implement compensatory programs of physical activity with impact and load.