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MEDICINA DELLO SPORT
A Journal on Sports Medicine
Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,163
Medicina dello Sport 2015 September;68(3):487-95
language: English, Italian
Epidemiological study on artistic gymnastics injuries
De Vita M. 1, Panetta V. 2, Prattico F. 1, Foti C. 1
1 Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy;
2 L’altrastatistica srl - Consultancy & Training- Biostatistics office, Rome, Italy
AIM: The aim of this present study was to investigate the prevalence of gymnastics’ injuries related with gear training and level of Artistic Gymnastic athletes (AGA).
METHODS: The sample included 81 Artistic Gymnastic Athletes (AGA) of which 26 high performance athletes (HPA) and 55 amateurs athletes (AA). Data were obtained by questionnaire designed by authors themselves
RESULTS: The 46% of AGA got injuries, 24 HPAGA and 13 AAGA (P<0.001). The median age of athletes who had injuries is highest than athletes who didn’t have injuries (P=0.001). HPAGA are aged significantly greater than amateur ones (P<0.001). Joint apparatus is the most injured with 65% of sample, and the injury is mainly distributed in lower limbs (68%). The knees are most commonly trauma affected with 24%, while the most repeated injuries are sprains with 38%. Acute injuries are the most common. The biggest percentage of injury in relation with gear training is floor gymnastics (44%) and vault (26%).
CONCLUSION: This study confirms data in literature, important for improvement and development of new strategies in athlete prevention. It could be considered instrumental evaluation to test monthly athletes’ skill in order to investigate the cause of performance decline.