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A Journal on Sports Medicine

Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,163

Frequency: Quarterly

ISSN 0025-7826

Online ISSN 1827-1863


Medicina dello Sport 2015 September;68(3):461-72


Effect of physical exercise games and playing with Edubal educational balls on eye-hand coordination in first-year primary school children

Cichy I., Rokita A., Wolny M., Popowczak M.

University School of Physical Education in Wrocław, Wroclaw, Poland

AIM: The study attempts to determine the level of motor coordination of both hands in schoolchildren who took part in a year-long pedagogical experiment that incorporated games and playing with Edubal educational balls.
METHODS: Twenty-two schoolboys and seventeen schoolgirls were divided into two groups (experimental and control). The experimental factor in the experimental group was a year-long program of physical exercise using Edubal educational balls. Eye-hand coordination was evaluated for both hands using the results obtained from the 2Hands test from the Vienna Test System.
RESULTS: After one year of the experiment, better performance was found in the experimental group with respect to the test time for the left hand. It was also observed that girls showed better accuracy during the test. Only laterality was found to have essential effect on differentiation with respect to the accuracy of hand movement.
CONCLUSION: The investigations carried out by the authors of the present paper demonstrated that participation of first-grade schoolchildren in the pedagogical experiment that used educational balls caused changes in precision of upper limb movements.

language: English, Italian


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