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MEDICINA DELLO SPORT
A Journal on Sports Medicine
Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,163
Medicina dello Sport 2015 June;68(2):243-52
language: English, Italian
Relationships between basic psychological needs, body dissatisfaction and self-esteem in dance practitioners
Monteiro L. A. 1, Novaes J. S. 2, Santos M. L. 1, Fernandes H. M. 1, 3
1 Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro University, Vila Real, Portugal;
2 Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil;
3 Research Centre in Sports, Health and Human Development (CIDESD), Vila Real, Portugal
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the relationships between age, body mass index (BMI), dancing time, and the joint influence of basic psychological needs with regard to body dissatisfaction and self-esteem.
METHODS: A total of 135 dance students participated in this study, all females and between 9 and 15 years old (M=11.62; SD=1.67). The basic instruments administered were the basic psychological needs in exercise scale (BPNES), the body dissatisfaction evaluation scale for teenagers (Escala de Evaluación de Insatisfación Corporal para Adolescente – EEICA), and Rosenberg’s self-esteem scale. The results of this study were analyzed using the statistical software SPSS, version 16.0. Analyses included descriptive and inferential statistics, tests for univariate normality (i.e., skewness and kurtosis), Pearson’s “r” correlations and a linear regression analysis.
RESULTS: Results revealed that basic psychological needs did not significantly affect body dissatisfaction levels (F=0.18; P=0.909; R²adj.=0.02). Although overall participants’ scores on the body dissatisfaction scale (EEICA) were not high, 9 students (6.7%) reported feeling dissatisfied with their bodies. Higher scores indicate greater levels of body dissatisfaction, with an internal consistency (Cronbach’s α) of 0.77 to 0.81 for the Rosenberg’s self-esteem scale.
CONCLUSION: Findings from this study suggest that teenagers with high levels of self-determination engage in dance exercise more regularly and have more positive relationships with people. It is also important to note that the BPNES instrument may be used with a high degree of confidence in future research aiming to assess basic psychological needs in the context of dance.