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A Journal on Sports Medicine

Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
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Medicina dello Sport 2015 March;68(1):99-107

language: English, Italian

Effect of various attentional focus instructions on novice javelin throwing skill performance

Asadi A., Abdoli B., Farsi A., Saemi E.

Department of Sport Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


AIM: The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of various attentional focus instructions on novice javelin-throwing skill performance.
METHODS: For this purpose, 21 female university students (Mage=23.5, SD=7.5) were selected as the accessible sample and assigned into four different conditions, namely internal attentional focus (focusing on body movements), proximal external attentional focus (focusing on the javelin trajectory in the air), distal external attentional focus (focusing on a distant target) and control condition (with no attentional focus instructions).
RESULTS: Results obtained within-group ANOVA with repeated measurements showed that participants in both the external attentional focus (distal and proximal) led to significantly better performance compared to those in the internal attentional focus and control groups (P<0.05).
CONCLUSION: No difference was observed amongst different distances in external attentional focus (P=0.32). Therefore, the external attentional focus instruction is recommended for enhancing novice throwing skills.

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