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MEDICINA DELLO SPORT
A Journal on Sports Medicine
Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,163
Medicina dello Sport 2015 March;68(1):43-8
language: English, Italian
Comparison of reaction time and Body Mass Index in football training children and sedentary children
Dokuyucu R. 1, Demir T. 2, Bilgic M. 3, Saglik M. 3, Pündük Z. 3, Daglioglu O. 3, Gur A. 3, Bagci C. 2
1 Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Mustafa Kemal, Hatay, Turkey;
2 Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Gaziantep, Gaziantep, Turkey;
3 Higher School of Physical Education and Sports, University of Gaziantep, Gaziantep, Turkey;
4 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Gaziantep, Gaziantep, Turkey
AIM: Reaction time (RT) is a term that is used to explain the interval time between the appearance of a stimulus and the initiation of the muscular response to that any expected and unexpected stimulus. The RT is varies depending on such factors as type of the stimulus, type of the response, age, gender, education, training status, warming, fatigue condition. In this study, RT and Body Mass Index (BMI) of students playing football and not playing football (sedentary) is investigated.
METHODS: Total number of 76 eligible children that is playing football for a regularly 6 months (2 days a week) in the football school and total number of 43 sedentary children in Gaziantep is included. Children’s weight and height measurements were recorded and body mass index percentiles were calculated. With ten times in a row, not rhythmic sound stimuli were given to children in both groups and average values were recorded. The relationship between RT and age, BMI percentiles were investigated. Average values were compared statistically.
RESULTS: RT was significantly short in training children (right foot: P<0.0004 and left foot: P<0.0002). In addition, BMI percentiles in training children is highly significant when compared to sedentary children (P<0.006).
CONCLUSION: Based on these results we demonstrated that a regular fitness training and nutritional status have important contribution to RT. In particular, starting sport at an early age is very important for health.