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A Journal on Sports Medicine

Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Medicina dello Sport 2014 June;67(2):297-308

language: English, Italian

Does PETTLEP imagery improve static and dynamic balance?

Tahmasebi Boroujeni S., Ghods Mirheydari S. B.

Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of traditional imagery and PETTLEP-based (Physical, Environment, Task, Timing, Learning, Emotion and Perspective) imagery with physical training on static and dynamic balance.
METHODS: Fifty-four healthy female university students (age: 21.94±1.89) were assigned to three groups; PETTLEP imagery, traditional imagery and physical practice. The revised Movement Imagery Questionnaire (MIQ-R) was used for assessing visual and kinesthetic movement imagery abilities. Also, “Stork Balance Stand Test” was used for static balance and “Modified Bass Test of Dynamic Balance” was used for dynamic balance measure. Participants practiced static and dynamic balance once per week for 12 weeks.
RESULTS: One-way ANOVA test showed no significant difference (P>0.05) in static balance, dynamic balance and imagery ability in pre-test between groups. Although, repeated measure ANOVA demonstrated all three groups improved significantly from pre-test to post-test and retention test that performed 24 hours later post-test (P<0.05) but not significant differences were seen in post-test between groups.
CONCLUSION: Results from this study indicate that PETTLEP imagery method was effective in static balance performance but not efficient in dynamic balance.

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