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MEDICINA DELLO SPORT
A Journal on Sports Medicine
Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,163
Medicina dello Sport 2013 March;66(1):47-59
language: English, Italian
Effect of serial and integrated concurrent exercise on selected physical fitness factors of young men handball players
Mirzaei B., Rahmani-Nia F., Mehrabani J., Sotudeh Ziksari M. ✉
Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
Aim: The purpose of present study was to investigate the effect of two concurrent resistance and endurance conditioning program on selected physical fitness factors of young Handball players. Twenty handball players with 1-2 years experience (aged: mean 18.15 yrs) were recruited from Bandar Anzali (north of Iran) young male team handball players.
Methods: Subjects were randomly divided into two experimental serial concurrent exercise (CE) (N.=10; aged: 18.1±0.37 years) and integrated CE (N.=10; aged: 18.2±0.27 years). Physical fitness was measured at pre-post test in four days. Day 1: anthropometrical measurements, flexibility (sit and reach test, two armed back scratch), and vertical jump test. Day 2: abdominal crunch test (1 minute), and muscle strength (1-RM). Day 3: 10, 20 and 30 meter sprint test, running- based anaerobic sprint test (RAST) and lactate accumulation assessment prior and after the RAST test. Day 4: throwing strength, 4×9 m shuttle run test, and 1- mile running test. Both groups then participated in a 9-week training program entailing vigorous training 3 days per week consisting of concurrent aerobic and resistance exercise along with one session of specific Handball techniques. Independent t-test and paired samples t-test were used to analyses of data (P≤0.05).
Results: The results of this study showed that serial concurrent exercise caused significant (P≤0.05) increases in alactic anaerobic output (4%), lactic anaerobic output (4%), agility (2%), sprint test (2%), upper (12%) and lower (7%) body muscle strength, upper (9%) and lower (8%) body muscle flexibility, trunk muscle endurance (33%) and a decline in the time of 1-mile running (-18%), percent body fat (-4%), resting blood lactate (-3%) and blood lactate five minutes after the RAST test (-14%). Integrated concurrent exercise, also, caused significant increases in alactic anaerobic output (7%), lactic anaerobic output (12%), agility (2%), sprint (6%), upper (15%) and lower (8%) body muscle strength, upper (16%) and lower (19%) body muscle flexibility, trunk muscle endurance (25%) and a decline in the time of 1-mile running (-17%), percent body fat (-13%), resting blood lactate (-4%) and blood lactate five minutes after the RAST test (-20%).
Conclusion: Both serial and integrated concurrent exercise can improve physical fitness of young men handball players.