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MEDICINA DELLO SPORT
A Journal on Sports Medicine
Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,163
Medicina dello Sport 2012 December;65(4):549-61
language: English, Italian
The injuries of Turkish national free-style and Graeco-Roman wrestlers
Yamaner F. 1, Imamoglu O. 2, Atan T. 2, Evli F. 1, Karacabey K. 3, Sevindi T. 4, Gumusdag H. ✉
1 School of Physical Education and Sports, Hitit University, Çorum, Turkey;
2 Yaşar Doğu School of Physical Education and Sports, Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun, Turkey;
3 Duzce University Sports Academy, Duzce, Turkey;
4 School of Physical Education and Sports, Nigde University, Nigde, Turkey
Aım. The purpose of this study was to investigate the types of injuries in Turkish national senior free style and Greco-roman wrestlers.
Methods. The data of 145 wrestling injuries were collected with the help of injury surveillance forms maintained (75 in free style and 70 in Greco-Roman) throughout three years. The relationship between injuries of regions and mechanism, and style preferred by wrestlers were analyzed by using a χ2 test.
Results. The results showed that there were 166 injuries in Greco-Roman style and 179 injuries in free style. The most common injuries in Greco-Roman wrestlers were found in upper extremities (36.75%), lower extremities (19.28%) and head (15.66%), and the most common injuries in free style wrestlers were in lower extremities (40.22%), upper extremities (31.84%) and head (13.41%). (An injury rate per one wrestler was found 2.37 in Greco-Roman and 2.39 in free style). The injuries which occurred during training were 54.20% and during competition were 5.79%. The frequencies of injuries per 100h of training were found 0.11. For competitions the injury frequency per 1 match was found 1.05. The most common injury types in both styles were joint sprain, muscle strain and contusion. Nevertheless, 57.97% of injuries resulted in the injured wrestler were for being absence of training or competitions less than seven days. Finally, There was a significant (P<0.05) relationship between injured parts and both styles.
Conclusions. The injuries in Greco-Roman Wrestlers commonly occurred in upper extremities, and in free style wrestlers they commonly occurred in lower extremities. Using proper safety gear and learning a better technique can reduce the risk of injuries during wrestling.