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MEDICINA DELLO SPORT
A Journal on Sports Medicine
Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,163
Medicina dello Sport 2012 December;65(4):527-35
language: English, Italian
Epidemiological analysis of lower extremity injuries during the Iranian universities futsal championship
Aminiaghdam S. ✉
Department of Physical Education, Saghez branch, Islamic Azad university, Saghez, Iran
Aim. This research was designed to determine the injury rate, circumstances, and characteristics of lower extremities injuries recorded in the Iranian Universities Futsal Championship in first division, during July 2010.
Methods. Injury data on 528 players from 44 teams (24 male, 20 female) during the Iranian universities futsal championship were prospectively collected and analyzed. The physicians of all participating teams reported all injuries after each match on a standardized injury report form. The response rate was 100%.
Results. A total of 50 injuries were recorded along 48 games among male players, which is equivalent to an incidence of 1.04 injury per game and 156.4 injuries per 1000 player hours. The incidence of injuries among female players was 1.04 per game (46 injuries from 44 matches) and 156.9 injuries per 1000 player hours. Contact injuries were predominant in both males and females, with a 72% (36 out of 50 injuries) and 65% (30 out of 46 injuries) rates, respectively. Two third of the contact injuries among male players, 69% (25 of 36), were caused by foul play and more than half of the contact injuries among female players, 60% (18 of 30), were occurred due to foul play. The most common injury types were muscle contusions and sprains. Male players sustained higher rate of ankle sprain (1.98 versus 1.25; P<0.05) compared with female players, while female players sustained a higher rate of knee sprain (1.86 versus 1.02; P<0.01) than male players. The lower extremities most frequently injured were the ankle (19%), knee (18.4%) and thigh (16%).
Discussion. The present study observed that the injury rate during the Iranian universities futsal championship was similar to the incidence during the indoor soccer tournaments, but higher than those found in the outdoor soccer tournaments, characterizing the specificity of the sports.
Conclusions. It is recommended that prevention and rehabilitation programs should be tailor made and implemented on the basis of these results.