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A Journal on Sports Medicine

Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
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Medicina dello Sport 2011 March;64(1):71-87

language: English, Italian

Swimming and posture on land: a randomized controlled trial on a group of children swimmers

Rondini D. 1, Ceciliani A. 1, Tentoni C. 1, Drago E. 2

1 Faculty of Motor Sciences, Bologna University, Bologna, Italy
2 Istituto di Medicina dello Sport, FMSI, Bologna


Aim. The aim of this trial was to study the influence of the equilibrium during the swimming activity respect to the postural equilibrium on land.
Methods. For this work we analyzed two groups: the test group formed by 16 subjects (aged 8-12 years) practicing swimming and rehabilitation exercises, otherwise the control group (12 athletes, same age) did only swimming activity. In this study we used the “Correkta Mod. BR/2034” stabilometric machine as initial and final test. The “Correkta Mod. BR/2034” has been used to test the static postural control, and even to test the eyes contribution in the sensorial-feedback. The mean and SD are presented in the table. To evaluate the differences between the two groups we employed the T-test, the Mann-Whitney’ test and Wilcoxon’s test for compared the open and closed eyes conditions (P<0.05).
Results. At the beginning we observed that swimming activity leads to a worsening of equilibrium, but with simple exercises it is possible to prevent it. Results show an improvement or a stabilization of the equilibrium in the test group compared to the control one.
Conclusion. We think it would be helpful to apply those exercises the training activity to improve the performance of the athletes.

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