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MEDICINA DELLO SPORT
A Journal on Sports Medicine
Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,163
Medicina dello Sport 2010 December;63(4):557-65
language: English, Italian
Clinical and echographic characteristics of knee extensor tendons and the Achilles tendon in elite fencers: a prospective, observational study
Giombini A. 1, Dragoni S. 1, Di Cesare A. 2, Tranquilli C. 1, Fiore A. 3
1 Istitute of Medicine and Sport Science, CONI, Rome, Italy
2 Unit of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Policlinico Umberto I, Rome, Italy
3 Italian Fencing Federation, Rome, Italy
Aim. In this prospective observational study, the clinical and morphological changes in lower limb tendons (patellar, quadriceps, and Achilles) were compared in elite fencers.
Methods. The study population was 35 elite fencers (14 males and 21 females) proficient in three fencing styles (foil, sabre, épée) who underwent clinical and echographic assessment in March 2007 (baseline) and in April 2010 (follow-up). Spontaneous pain or pain on limb movement and on finger pressure were evaluated by bilateral palpation of the tendons. Tendon thickness and changes in tendon morphology were evaluated by echography.
Results. No statistically significant difference in tendon thickness was found between symptomatic and asymptomatic subjects when stratified by sex (Student’s t test for unpaired data) or between tendon thickness measured at baseline and at follow-up (Student’s t test for paired data).
Conclusion. Echography was not predictive for the potential development of clinical symptoms in this sample; however, its use also in asymptomatic subjects did provide information on tendon anatomy which could inform more suitable training methodologies on the strip and off.