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A Journal on Sports Medicine
Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,163
Medicina dello Sport 2009 September;62(3):315-24
language: English, Italian
Antidiabetic effects of exercise and fenugreek supplementation in males with NIDDM
Karim A. 1, Siroosce C. 2, Jabrayel P. J. 1
1 Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Faculty of Humanities and Educational Science, Islamic Azad University,Tabriz branch, Tabriz, Iran
2 Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 Islamic Azad University, Hadishahr Brach, Hadishahr, Iran
Aim. Different therapeutic methods including special regimens, drug treatment, exercise training and botanic supplements are common in controlling the diabetes.
Methods. In this research, 12 males with NIDDM experienced four 8 weekly stages (including Exercise(E), Fenugreek supplementation(FG), both exercise and FG supplementation(EFG) and control(con)) in counterbalanced order (3 people in each subgroup) after baseline measurements including FBS, 2hpp, HbA1c (A1c), TG, HDL, LDL and TC levels. The measures were renewed in the end of each stage. Exercise sessions consisted of three 25 min. running sessions by 60% of MHR per week which progressed to 45 min by 75% throughout the research. The fenugreek seeds powder was supplemented in two 4 gr doses daily.
Results. Both of the FG and E stages induced significant reductions in FBS, 2hpp and A1c and also the EF stage was better than each of them(P<0.05). E and EF stages could induce significant changes in HDL, LDL and TG levels and moreover, only EF could significantly decreased TC level (P<0.05).
Conclusion. It can be concluded that accompaniment of the exercise and fenugreek supplementation have better effects than each of them individually, especially with reference to FBS, 2hpp, A1c and TC levels.