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MEDICINA DELLO SPORT
A Journal on Sports Medicine
Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,163
Medicina dello Sport 2007 March;60(1):65-70
The role of the sports physician in detecting the rate of overweight and obesity in young athletes
Benedettini M. M. 1, Corsi M. 2
1 Responsabile Servizio Medicina dello Sport (I.S.S.) della Repubblica di San Marino
Aim. The goal of this study is to analyze the incidence of overweight subjects, up to 18 years of age, during a year of activity at the I.S.S. Sports Medicine Service of the Republic of San Marino.
Methods. During the standard sports medical examination, the BMI was calculated on the basis of height, weight, sex and age according to the Cole method; this calculation utilized to obtain BMI, reported in percentiles, permits the determination of predicted values of overweight and obesity.
Results. Of 423 young athletes, ranging from 8 to 17 years of age, studied in one year of activity 20,6% presented a ponderal excess resulting more evident in males (28,8%) in respect to females (14%). The highest incidence of overweight male subjects lies between the ages 11 and 15 (90%), among overweight females the peak incidence is registered between the ages of 12 and 13 (54%).
Conclusions. Also in the Republic of San Marino we are assisting a constant increase in overweight subjects being the rate of obesity in line with that reported by international statistics. Data obtained from the investigation demonstrate that of 423 athletes examinated as many as 20,6% resulted in excess of weight. Dealing with a sample of a physically active population this data results considerable and worthy of further study. In fact such early detection of overweight by means of standard sports medicine examination as well as the correct address to an adequate sport practice, controlled and well planed can contribute to the prevention of the increase of paramorphisms and of all those patologies lasting and worsening in adults which induce higher social costs.