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MEDICINA DELLO SPORT
A Journal on Sports Medicine
Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,163
Medicina dello Sport 2003 September;56(3):165-73
Asthma in the athlete: prevalence and mechanisms of development
Brotto E., Masiero M., Segattini C., Baratieri S., Cantoni B., Corradini G., Ferrari M.
Servizio di Fisiopatologia Respiratoria , Università degli Studi di Verona, Verona
In the last decade several studies have reported an increased prevalence of asthma and of bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) in the athlete population. The prevalence of asthma and of BHR seems to be higher in athletes than in the general population, particularly in swimmers and in cross-country skiers. Possible mechanism involved in the development of the disease are still uncertain, even though the characteristics of the environment in which exercise is performed, seems to have an important role. Particularly, the inhalation of high volume of dry, cold air or of pollutants might induce bronchial inflammation, and subsequently cause respiratory symptoms and BHR.