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MEDICINA DELLO SPORT
A Journal on Sports Medicine
Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,163
Medicina dello Sport 2003 June;56(2):115-22
The role of the electroion-therapy in the modulation of some biochemical factors, of the fibronectine and the factor XIII in the repairing processes of acute and chronic lesions: hypothesis of work
Francavilla G. 1, Parisi A. 1, Schembri B. 1, Giglio A. 3, Caracciolo C. 2, Pancucci G. 1, Matina A. 1, Cristofalo M. 1, Francavilla V. C. 1
1 Cattedra di Medicina dello Sport, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Palermo;
2 Divisione di Ematologia con TMO, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Palermo;
3 AUSL n. 6 Palermo, Servizio di Medicina dello Sport, Palermo
Physiological researches have shown that electric currents (with a ionic flow modify the arterial circulation stimulating in this way a better sprinkling of tissues allowing the speeding up of the biophisical and biochemical mechanisms.
These mechanisms stimulate the omeostasis, and therefore they restore the physiological control of the apparatus the electromagnetic stimuli are directed to.
It is known that electric and magnetic signals reach the eucariote cells which elaborate and convert them into plasmatic wall in order to combine them to the molecular mechanisms typical of the “complex building” known as the cellular cytoplasm in order to activate a lot of enzymic ducts and remodulate the cellular metabolism.
Schematically the electroion-therapy consists in producing an electrostatic field generated by a high-tension-electrode which is able to break the dielectric intensity, creating (in this way) an electric field which is so strong that human body can be considered as an “electrolitic solution”, because all its tissues contain some saline solutions, they are excellent conductors, and this current flows in the patient’s body and, by means of an armband, it closes itself again in the shape of mass. The increase of the selective cellular permeability has to be considered as a first effect ensued by the re-establishement of the physiological potential difference of the membrane.
The therapeutic efficacy towards the treatment of edema, inflammation and also pain would come from this biophysical action. The treatment of pain, inflammation and the mending of injured tissues represent the clinical conditions where technics of electrotherapeutic type have been introduced for some time. The aim of the work has been to consider new fields to apply the electroion- therapy. First of all it has been applied to the rehabilitation of sports pathologies, with an exact therapeutic target represented by the reduction of edema and of pain; then, we wanted to try out the efficacy of the electroion-therapy in the stimulation of the mending of chronic or not injuries, of covering skin tissues.
The main result is represented by the immediate resolution of pain, the extinguishing of inflammation, the quick reduction of edema and the speeding up of the formation of granulated tissue in order to repair injuries which have a troubled course, which have generally been reluctant to heal up for a long time and don’t respond to the conventional methods of treatment. Up to now some biochemical factors which take part in the modulation of pain and the reduction of the inflammatory state have been identified but never quantized in laboratory, together with the proteins or the “factors” which control the process increase of repairing tissues. Scientific curiosity has persuaded us to plan a research in this field by studying the behaviour (after an appropriate stimulation through electroion- therapy) of some proteins of the acute stage, of the fibronectin and of the factor XIII supposing these factors can play a key role in the resolution of an inflammatory state and in the speeding up of the formation of granulated tissues in order to repair injuries with a troubled or not course by means of electroion-therapy.