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MEDICINA DELLO SPORT

A Journal on Sports Medicine


Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
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Medicina dello Sport 2000 September;53(3):239-45

language: English

Recreational phys­i­cal activ­ity and ­bone ­mass in eld­er­ly wom­en

Bratina F. 1, Bizzarini E. 1, Delbello G. 1, Conte M. 2, Negro C. 3, Sceusa R. 1

1 Department of Human Morphology, School of Sport Medicine, Trieste University School of Medicine, Trieste, Italy;
2 Institute of Orthopaedics, Trieste University School of Medicine, Trieste, Italy;
3 Institute of Occupational Medicine, Trieste University School of Medicine, Trieste, Italy


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Background. To deter­mine ­the rela­tion­ship ­between rec­re­a­tion­al ­sport exer­cise ­and ­bone den­sity in post­men­o­pau­sal wom­en.
Methods. Design: Comparison of ­body com­po­si­tion ­and ­bone den­sity in exer­cis­ing ­and non­ex­er­cis­ing post­men­o­pau­sal wom­en. Setting: Department of Human Morphology, School of Sport Medicine, Trieste University School of Medicine, Italy. Participants: for­ty-­three post­men­o­pau­sal wom­en engag­ing in rec­re­a­tion­al phys­i­cal activ­ity ­and 8 sed­en­tary con­trols. Measurements: Regional ­bone min­er­al con­tent (­BMC) ­and ­bone min­er­al den­sity (­BMD) ­were meas­ured by ­dual-ener­gy X-­ray absorp­tiom­e­try (Dexa) (Dexa Turboscan N.I.M.). Fat ­mass ­and ­fat-­free ­mass ­were eval­u­at­ed on ­the ­basis of skin­fold thick­ness­es.
Results. There ­were no sig­nif­i­cant dif­fer­enc­es in ­body com­po­si­tion ­and ­bone den­sity ­between ­the exer­cis­ing wom­en ­and ­the con­trols. Bone den­sity ­did ­not cor­re­late ­with ­body com­po­si­tion, exer­cise stat­us, ­and ­years ­since men­o­pause. Higher ­weight ­and ­fat ­mass ­were asso­ciat­ed ­with ­increased ­bone den­sity in exer­cis­ing wom­en
Conclusions. Exercise pat­terns per­formed by ­the ­study wom­en ­were ­not effec­tive in pre­vent­ing post­men­o­pau­sal ­bone ­loss.

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