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MEDICINA DELLO SPORT
A Journal on Sports Medicine
Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,163
Medicina dello Sport 1999 September;52(3):159-63
Overtraining syndrome an free radicals production
Rossi R., Parisse I., Tassi C., Gambelunghe C., Micheletti A., Sammarco S., Gentile L., Ruffini S.
Scuola di Specializzazione in Medicina dello Sport, Università degli Studi - Perugia
Overtraining syndrome strikes those athletes subjected to loads greater than their ability to recover. It is a serious pathology, above all for duration of the symptoms which prevents normal training and favours “staleness”, a psychophysical emptying syndrome. Precocious alterations in mood permit one to diagnose the overtraining syndrome which may come before the physical damages. Today the hypothesis that, at the base of this pathology there could be oxidative stress with production of mitochondrial superoxide caused by overtraining is gaining ground. Even though direct administration of antioxidants supplementation cannot cure the pathology, preventive increase of the body’s antioxidant capacity could perhaps be the most effective therapy for the overtraining syndrome.