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MEDICINA DELLO SPORT
A Journal on Sports Medicine
Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,163
MEDICINE PREVENTIVE AND HYGIENE SECTION
Medicina dello Sport 1999 March;52(1):21-8
Epidemiology of sport injuries and the national law 626/94 on workers’ security and health
La Torre G., Giattino G.
Cattedra di Igiene, Università degli Studi di Cassino
The epidemiological investigation applied to sports can describe the personal, temporal and spatial characteristics of accidents, and eventually the temporaneous or permanent invalidant consequences (observational epidemiology). Moreover, epidemiology can provide technical staff (trainers above all) with an extraordinary tool to manage properly the athletic preparation before the starting of championships and during them. In this field, analitic epidemiology can find the predictive factors related to sport accidents. In spite of this, epidemiology is rarely used, and this is particularly true for amateurish teams.
An improvement in knowledge of sport accidents in the Italian professional teams can come out by the enforcement of the law 626/94, and later modifications, about the improvement of workers’ safety and health in the work-places. The applicability of this law to sports derives by the consideration that the sport work is a subordinative work. The law 626 obliges the employers to apply formal and substantial rules for the improvement of workers’ safety and health during the work, in public or private activities. The employers, in particular, must produce a Document on hazards estimation in the work field, make a note of the accidents on a paricular record and report the accidents to INAIL (National Institute for work assurance and accidents).