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Official Journal of the , the International Union of Phlebology and the
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Sergio GIANESINI, Mirko TESSARI, Erica MENEGATTI, Paolo SPATH, Maria E. VANNINI, Savino OCCHIONORELLI, Paolo ZAMBONI
Vascular Diseases Center, Unit of Translational Surgery, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
BACKGROUND: To determine differences among 18 mmHg and 23 mmHg hosiery in leg volume and fatigue control.
METHODS: Fourty golf players (M:29 - F:11; 48±11 yo) were randomized for a 18 holes competition without hosiery (10 cases), with 18 mmHg (10 cases) or 23 mmHg (10 foot-less and 10 with-foot) graduated stockings. An echo-color-Doppler scanning excluded vascular pathologies. Limb volume was assessed by water plethysmography. The perceived fatigue was assessed by a questionnaire.
RESULTS: No hosiery use led to a 5% leg volume increase (p<0.0001). In the 18 mmHg group a not significant 1% volume reduction was demonstrated. In the 23 mmHg group the volume significantly decreased by 4 % both in foot-type and in footless model. A significant fatigue reduction was perceived only in the 23 mmHg group.
CONCLUSIONS: A leg volume increase was reported along a 18 holes course. Among 18 and 23 mmHg only the latter demonstrated a significant leg volume and perceived fatigue reduction.