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Official Journal of the , the International Union of Phlebology and the
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,899
Online ISSN 1827-1839
Claude FRANCESCHI 1, Massimo CAPPELLI 2, Stefano ERMINI 3, Sergio GIANESINI 4, Erika MENDOZA 5, Fausto PASSARIELLO 6, Paolo ZAMBONI 4
1 Centre Marie Therese Hopital Saint Joseph, Paris, France; 2 Private Practitioner, Florence, Italy; 3 Private Practitioner, Grassina, Florence, Italy; 4 Vascular Diseases Center, University of Ferrara, Italy; 5 Venenpraxis, Wunstorf, Germany; 6 Diagnostic Centre Aquarius, Napoli, Italy
The first part of this review article provides the physiologic background that sustained the CHIVA principles development. Then the venous networks anatomy and flow patterns are described with pertinent sonographic interpretations, leading to the shunt concept description and to the consequent CHIVA strategy application. An in depth explanation into the hemodynamic conservative cure approach follows, together with pertinent review of the relevant literature.