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INTERNATIONAL ANGIOLOGY

A Journal on Angiology


Official Journal of the International Union of Angiology, the International Union of Phlebology and the Central European Vascular Forum
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International Angiology 2015 August;34(4):392-7

Copyright © 2015 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Blood urea impairs brachial artery flow mediated dilation

Tripolino C. 1, Irace C. 1, Carallo C. 1, De Franceschi M. S. 1, Della Valle E. 2, Gnasso A. 1

1 Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, “Magna Græcia” University, Catanzaro, Italy; 2 Department of Public Health, Federico II University, Naples, Italy


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AIM: Urea, the main product of protein catabolism, is a biochemical marker of renal function. Though it is known that serum urea impairs vascular health, the relationship between its concentration and vascular reactivity in vivo has not been explored. Our study was undertaken to investigate possible association between serum urea and endothelial function in subjects without chronic kidney disease (CKD).
METHODS: Eighty free-living subjects with serum creatinine ≤1 mg/dL and without CKD were enrolled for the present study. Serum analyses and evaluation of endothelial function were performed in all subjects. Endothelial function was measured using the flow-mediated dilation (FMD) technique. Simple and multiple regression analyses were used to test the association between FMD and considered variables.
RESULTS: In correlation analyses FMD was found directly associated with HDL cholesterol (r=0.21; P=0.05) and eGFR (r=0.25; P=0.02) and inversely associated with age (r=-0.26; P=0.02), serum urea (r=-0.37; P<0.01), serum creatinine (r=-0.31; P<0.01) and brachial artery baseline diameter (r=-0.41; P<0.01). In multiple regression analysis only baseline artery diameter and serum urea predicted FMD; age, gender and cardiovascular risk factors did not relate with FMD.
CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates the association between serum urea and FMD, suggesting that the accumulation of waste products of protein metabolism may impair vascular health in subjects without CKD.

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