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A Journal on Angiology
Official Journal of the , the International Union of Phlebology and the
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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International Angiology 2012 April;31(2):116-24
Common haplotype of interleukin-6 gene is associated with chronic total occlusions of coronary arteries
Latkovskis G. 1, 2, 3, Licis N. 4, Zabunova M. 1, 3, Berzina M. 1, Narbute I. 1, 2, Jegere S. 1, 2, Erglis A. 1, 2, 3 ✉
1 Latvian Center of Cardiology, Paul Stradins Clinical University Hospital, Riga, Latvia;
2 Latvian Research Institute of Cardiology, University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia;
3 Faculty of Medicine, University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia;
4 Latvian Biomedical Research and Study Centre, Riga, Latvia
AIM: Genetic polymorphisms in genes coding for cytokines may predispose patients to coronary artery disease and chronic total occlusion (CTO) of coronary arteries. The aim of the study was to evaluate association of common genetic variations of interleukins (IL) with CTOs.
METHODS:We reviewed coronary angiograms and evaluated presence of CTOs in 684 consecutive patients with no history of revascularization. The following genetic variations were analyzed: IL-1B +3954 C>T, IL-1B -511 C>T, IL-1RN VNTR and haplotypes of IL-6 encompassing IL-6 -596 G>A, IL-6 -572 G>C, IL-6 -373 AnTn and IL-6 -174 G>C polymorphisms.
RESULTS: In 254 patients (37.1%) CTO of at least one artery was found. We observed nine IL-6 haplotypes, of which five were common (>1%) and one (GG9/12G, n=8) was not previously reported in literature. The most prevalent IL-6 haplotype (AG8/12C or Hap*1, 49.5%) correlated with CTOs, that were present in 31.5%, 36.5% and 44.5% of patients with none, one and two Hap*1, respectively (OR [95%CI] 1.252 [0.844-1.856] and 1.746 [1.104-2.762] for heterozygots and homozygots, respectively). In multivariate analysis this association became non-significant (OR [95%CI] 1.202 [0.805-1.796] and 1.529 [0.955-2.450]). In subgroup analysis Hap*1 was, however, associated with CTOs in the left anterior descending artery (p for trend 0.032) and the left circumflex artery (P=0.047), but not in the right coronary artery (p=0.799). In multivariate analysis CTOs of the left coronary arteries were associated only with total cholesterol (OR [95%CI] 1.170 [1.020-1.341]) and Hap*1 (OR [95%CI] 1.469 [0.914-2.361] and 1.970 [1.151-3.372] for heterozyogots and homozygots, respectively).
CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that common IL-6 haplotype (AG8/12C or Hap*1) is associated with development of CTOs in left coronary arteries.