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A Journal on Angiology

Official Journal of the International Union of Angiology, the International Union of Phlebology and the Central European Vascular Forum
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International Angiology 2010 August;29(4):385-8

language: English

Agenesis of the renal segment of inferior vena cava associated with venous stasis

Milio G., Corrado E., Novo S., Licata G., Pinto A.

1 Biomedical Department of Internal and Special Medicine (Di.Bi.M.I.S.), “P. Giaccone” University Hospital,
University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy;
2 Unit of Cardiovascular Diseases, post-graduate School of Cardiology & Master of Vascular Diseases, Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiovascular and Nephro-Urological Diseases, “P. Giaccone” University Hospital, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy


Congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava is an extremely rare vascular anomaly with controversial pathogenesis. Anomalies of the inferior vena cava (IVC) are present in 0.3% to 0.5% of otherwise healthy individual and in 0.6% to 2% of patients with other cardiovascular defects. The phenomenon of absence of the IVC has been described in a variety of ways such as absence, agenesis, anomalous, and interruption of a particular segment ([infra] hepatic, prerenal, renal, or infrarenal) of the IVC. We describe a 42-year-old man with chronic venous insufficiency, without DVT, caused by congenital absence of renal segment of the IVC.

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