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A Journal on Angiology
Official Journal of the , the International Union of Phlebology and the
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,899
International Angiology 2009 February;28(1):12-9
Prognostic role of endothelial dysfunction and carotid intima-media thickness in patients undergoing coronary stent implantation
Corrado E., Camarda P., Coppola G., Muratori I., Ciaramitaro G., Farinella M., Novo G., Rotolo A., Andolina G., Cospite V., Evola S., Assennato P., Hoffmann E., Novo S.
Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, Post-graduate School of Cardiology and Division of Cardiology
Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiovascular and Nephro-Urological Diseases
University of Palermo, University Hospital “P. Giaccone”, Palermo, Italy
Aim. Impaired endothelial function and increased carotid intima-media thickness are key events in the atherosclerotic process and predict future cardiovascular events in subjects with and without coronary artery disease. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the vasodilator response to increased flow in the brachial artery and the presence of carotid lesions may have a prognostic significance for in-stent restenosis in patients undergoing coronary angioplasty.
Methods. The study population included 58 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stenting and at least 10 months of follow-up. All patients underwent ultrasound detection of brachial artery reactivity 30 days after PCI. Flow mediated dilatation (FMD) was investigated after 5 minutes of occlusion of the artery and nitroglycerin mediated dilation (NMD) was investigated after administration of sublingual nitrates. Vascular echography was performed to measure intima media thickness (IMT) of carotid arteries. At baseline we evaluated all the established traditional cardiovascular risk factors. We also subdivided our study cohort according to values of FMD in patients with FMD above and patients below the median value.
Results. Patients with FMD above the median value showed higher prevalence of hypertension (P=0.002), diabetes (P=0.02) and carotid IMT (P=0.006) than those below the median. Brachial FMD was inversely correlated (P=0.001) to carotid IMT. At the end of follow-up clinical events occurred in nine patients. In a multivariate analysis, including all the variables evaluated at baseline, carotid IMT (P=0.02), level of glycemia (P=0.001), a lower FMD (P=0.005) and presence of carotid plaque remained the only variables predictive of restenosis.
Conclusion. Evaluation of FMD and carotid IMT may provide important prognostic information in patients undergoing PCI.