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A Journal on Angiology

Official Journal of the International Union of Angiology, the International Union of Phlebology and the Central European Vascular Forum
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International Angiology 2000 December;19(4):373-6

language: English

Hippocratic views with reference to the anatomical characteristics of “arteries” and “veins”

Christopoulou-Aletra H., Gigis P., Paraskevas G..

From the Depart­ment of His­to­ry of Med­i­cine, Med­i­cal ­School, Aris­to­tle Uni­ver­sity of Thes­sal­o­ni­ki, Thes­sal­o­ni­ki, ­Greece


The ana­tom­i­cal knowl­edge, in the col­lec­tion of books named after ­Hippocrates’ the Hip­po­crat­ic Cor­pus, is usu­al­ly vague and lim­it­ed. This is main­ly due to the ­respect for the dead held by the ­ancients. ­Though the Hip­po­crat­ic books, for the first time, sup­port­ed the ration­al­ity of the aetio­lo­gy of dis­eas­es, and prog­no­sis and treat­ment were based on obser­va­tion, the ­absence of dis­sec­tion restrict­ed the means of obtain­ing knowl­edge of the inter­i­or of the body until ­almost the time of the Ren­ais­sance. How­ev­er in some cases, sur­pris­ing­ly ­enough, this ignor­ance is ­absent. In this essay we will ­attempt to elu­ci­date some of the Hip­po­crat­ic views – ­either erro­ne­ous or up to date – on the anat­o­my of the vas­cu­lar ­system, main­ly the “arter­ies” and “veins”.

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