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A Journal on Angiology
Official Journal of the , the International Union of Phlebology and the
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,899
International Angiology 2000 March;19(1):69-74
Sutureless vascular reconstruction with titanium clips
Leppäniemi A., Rich N., Pikoulis E., Rhee P., Burris D., Wherry D.
From the Department of Surgery, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
Attempts to find alternatives to sutured vascular reconstruction techniques has continued for decades and include various forms of rings, tubes, endoluminal stents as well as gluing or welding techniques of large vessel anastomoses. One recently introduced technique uses nonpenetrating titanium clips for everted vessel approximation and closure. Experimental work on their use in various types of large vessel repairs and reconstructions has shown that the clips are easily applied with a short learning curve, create good conditions for vessel wall healing without causing excessive inflammation or fibrosis, and are considerably faster to apply when compared to standard suture techniques. Although there are some clinical reports of defective clipped closures causing postoperative bleeding complications, they are rare and most probably related to technical errors in applying the clips. The main disadvantages of the clips include the limited experience of their applicability in atherosclerotic vessels, lack of long term follow-up and cost. Potentially, the clips could be useful in the repair of multiple vascular injuries, in vessel repair or ligation performed in confined spaces, and in vascular procedures requiring the shortest possible cross-clamping time. Future applications could include endoscopic procedures as well as the use of a one-shot device which simultaneously applies up to a dozen clips to symmetrically everted and approximated vessel edges.