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INTERNATIONAL ANGIOLOGY

A Journal on Angiology


Official Journal of the International Union of Angiology, the International Union of Phlebology and the Central European Vascular Forum
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International Angiology 1999 June;18(2):171-5

Copyright © 2000 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Prevalence of venous insufficiency in French adults of the SUVIMAX cohort

Preziosi P., Galan P, Aiassa M., Hercberg S., Boccalon H.

From the Institut Scientifique et Technique de la Nutrition et de l’Alimentation, Conservatoire National des Arts et des Métiers, Paris, France and * Department of Internal Medicine Angiology, University Hospital of Rangueil, Toulouse, France


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Back­ground. The symp­toms of ­venous insuf­fi­cien­cy of the lower limbs (VILL) ­include a feel­ing of heavi­ness in the legs, pain, and noc­tur­nal cramps, which may be com­bined with organ­ic dis­or­ders (var­i­cose veins). The objec­tive of this study was to deter­mine the prev­a­lence of VILL in terms of both var­i­cose veins and func­tion­al symp­toms in the par­tic­i­pants of the SUVI­MAX ­cohort, which is rep­re­sen­ta­tive of the ­French pop­u­la­tion for the age range under con­sid­er­a­tion (women: 35-60; men: 45-60).
Meth­ods. Infor­ma­tion on the ­venous stat­us of 3065 sub­jects in the SUVI­MAX ­cohort were col­lect­ed from three different sourc­es: year­ly system­at­ic clin­i­cal exam­ina­tion (1994-1996), month­ly fol­low-up by a tele­mat­ic net­work (1994-1998) and non-spe­cif­ic ques­tion­naire (1997). Two mutually exclu­sive pop­u­la­tions were thus ­defined on medically diagnosed varicose veins and venous insufficiency and reported varicose veins and venous insufficiency.
­Results. ­Venous insuf­fi­cien­cy was medically diag­nosed in 192 men (14.6%) and 584 women (33.6%), and var­i­cose veins were diag­nosed in 143 men (74.5%) and 317 women (54.2%) from this group. Prev­a­lence reported symp­toms of ­venous insuf­fi­cien­cy and of var­i­cose veins was 13.6% and 7.4% respec­tive­ly in men and 28.2% and 12.4% in women. Sex, age, body mass index and num­ber of preg­nan­cies were found to be correlated with the risk of ­venous insuf­fi­cien­cy.
Con­clu­sions. VILL is a very com­mon dis­ease in ­French ­adults both as var­i­cose veins and as func­tion­al symp­toms. Ven­o­ton­ics were the main type of treat­ment but not ­enough use is made of elas­tic com­pres­sion stock­ings.

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