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Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Online ISSN 1827-1812
Teet SEENE, Priit KAASIK
Institute of Exercise Biology and Physiotherapy, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
Aging includes a gradual decline in muscle strength, endurance and reduced physical work capacity which are leading to disability. Different exercise regimen when appropriate, are effective in deceleration/ prevention of disability in the elderly. Exercise programs which are effective in deceleration/ prevention of disability in the elderly may consist of endurance, resistance or concurrent endurance and resistance exercise. The intent of this review was to bring attention to the effectiveness of exercise on the deceleration of sarcopenia related disability in the elderly. As strength and endurance capacity of skeletal muscle decreases in the elderly and reduced physical work capacity leading to the disability, it is important to find appropriate individual exercise regimen which leads to performance improvement and prevention of sarcopenia related disability. Research indicates that endurance, resistant and concurrent endurance and resistance exercise are effective measure in prevention of sarcopenia related disability in the elderly. This brief review highlights research findings on decelerative / preventive effect of endurance, resistance and concurrent endurance and resistance type of exercise on the development of sarcopenia, muscle weakness and disability in elderly.