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Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Martina RONCHETTO 1, Flavio RONCHETTO 2
1 Ufficio Presidenza e Direzione Generale, Assolombarda, Milano, Italia; 2 Medico Libero Professionista, Torino, Italia
Gender is a word that refers to the social and cultural identity. Gender differences are able to influence multi-level living conditions of the people, and they become an issue of equity to the extent that determine an asymmetry between women and men, to the disadvantage of women with regard to the economic resources and socio-political opportunities. The gender gap plays a fundamental role in key areas, such as economics, education, politics and health. The geographic spread of the phenomenon is global, albeit with significant differences between regions and regions. In the sector of health, it is able to increase the exposure and the risk of getting sick, limiting access to health and social care. In European countries (EU) and generally in high-income countries women live longer that men, in the face of increased morbidity for chronic non-communicable diseases and disabilities. In low-income countries the morbidity and mortality for complication of pregnancy and childbirth is very high, women may contract more frequently than men sexually transmitted infectious diseases and are more exposed to the physical violence. This paper analyses the relationship between gender and health with a focus on women, providing data about the gap in the sector of health regarding world population, European and Italian.