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GAZZETTA MEDICA ITALIANA ARCHIVIO PER LE SCIENZE MEDICHE
A Journal on Internal Medicine and Pharmacology
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2015 November;174(11):505-12
The effects of a physical and recreative activity program on the posture and physical features of children with intellectual disabilities
Inal S. 1, Keskin B. K. 2, Şahin M. 2, Donuk B. 2, Kirandi O. 2, Gungordu O. 2, Kesler A. 2
1 Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey;
2 Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey
AIM: This study is aimed to assess the effects of physical and recreative activities on the postural changes and the physical conditions of the children with intellectual disabilities.
METHODS: Twenty-two children in the age of 13.18±1.81 were evaluated. Their posture (New York State Posture Evaluation Test [NYS-PET]), hand grip power strength (JTech Hand grip Dynamometer), timed-performance (squatting-rising up, stair climbing and walking) and balance (Modified Flamingo Test) were assessed.
RESULTS: The most common postural changes found in the first assessment were foot and ankle problems such as inverted foot and flat foot, protruded head towards the front, depressed chest, round shoulder, thoracic kyphosis and protruded abdomen. There was a significant improvement in the regional trunk posture of the children (P<0.05). Hand grip power (P<0.05), arm span (P<0.01) and squatting (P<0.05) as health related physical fitness of were significantly improved after the physical and recreative activity -PRA program for 16 weeks. A significant relation was found between the NYS-PE test total scores and jumping height, speed of climbing 10 steps (P<0.05) and speed of walking 20 m (P<0.01). Stair climbing was significantly related with jumping height (t=-0.451), balance on one side (t=0.482) (P<0.005) and walking (P<0.000).
CONCLUSION: We can conclude that functional skills of children with ID as stair climbing, walking and jumping may be improved as their posture builds up with physical and recreative activities for at least sixteen weeks.