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GAZZETTA MEDICA ITALIANA ARCHIVIO PER LE SCIENZE MEDICHE
A Journal on Internal Medicine and Pharmacology
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2015 June;174(6):259-66
Concurrent exercise program plus diet intervention on body adiposity and lipid profile in obese adolescents
Brandão Albuquerque Filho N. J. 1, Bellaguarda E. R. F. 2, Rebouças G. M. 1, Felipe T. R. 1, Dantas P. M. S. 3, Knackfuss M. I. 1, Medeiros H. J. 1
1 State’s University of Rio Grande do Norte, Potengi, Natal, RN, Brazil;
2 Department of Nutrition, Potiguar University, Mossoró, RN, Brazil;
3 Departament of Physical Education, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, RN, Brazil
AIM: Obesity is a public health problem that has been growing in last years and it is risk factor to development of cardiovascular disease. This experimental study aimed to assess the effects of a concurrent exercise program plus diet intervention on body adiposity and lipid profile in obese adolescents.
METHODS: Twenty-seven obese adolescents were divided into two groups: Intervention Group (IG), which performed a concurrent exercise program plus nutritional intervention for eight weeks (n = 15) and Control Group (CG) which did not performed any intervention (n = 12). Anthropometric data such as body weight, height, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and sum of triceps and subscapular skinfold thickness were measured. Fasting glucose, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), cholesterol total, high sensitive c-reactive protein (hs-CRP), strength by one maximum repetition and VO2peak were measured. Across intervention period, effects were tested using pairwise comparisons and spearman correlation coefficient.
RESULTS: There were significant improves on intervention effects for all adiposity measures, on lipid profile, strength and VO2peak when compared with control group. There were not significant effects for fasting glucose and hs-CRP in both groups.
CONCLUSION: Combination of aerobic and resistance exercise programs associated with nutritional intervention enabled improvements of adiposity, lipid profile, strength and cardiorespiratory fitness markers in obese adolescents, reducing cardiovascular risk markers.