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GAZZETTA MEDICA ITALIANA ARCHIVIO PER LE SCIENZE MEDICHE
A Journal on Internal Medicine and Pharmacology
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2014 June;173(6):341-7
Influence of multivariate exercises in postmenopausal women on the body composition and the bone mineral density
Bello M. C. 1, Rodrigues Neto G. 2, Guerra I. 4, Sousa M. S. 2, Sousa N. 3
1 Federal University of Piauí‑PI;
2 Federal University of Paraiba, Labocine;
3 Research Center in Sport Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, University of Trás‑os‑Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal;
4 Federal Institute of Science Education and Technology‑Campus Juazeiro do Norte
AIM: The aim of the study was to verify the influence of multivariate exercises in postmenopausal women on the body composition and the bone mineral density (BMD).
METHODS: Experimental investigation took place over 32 weeks in 2011. The sample was dismembered in experimental group (EG n=07, 61±5 years), control group (CG n=07, 60±8 years). The volunteers (EG) underwent the gymnastics activities sessions, hydrogymnastics and walking (60 minute duration) three times a week on alternate days. BMD was measured by (LUNAR® model DPX Color densitometry, EUA) before and after intervention. The ward triangle (WT) and the femoral neck (FN), lean mass (LM), total body mass (TBM) hips were analyzed. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 19.0, the median and interquartile ranges were calculated. The Wilcoxon rank sum test was used for descriptive st atistics, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for the intergroup comparison. For the relationship between the dependent variable was by simple linear regression analysis (p<0.05).
RESULTS: There were relevant alterations in BMD of WT in EG (Δ%=7.81, p=0.043) and in LM (Δ%=2.39, p=0,018), in FN segment the results were not significant, but positive comparing to the BMD gains. However, the CG decreased LM (Δ%=-4.61, p=0,028).
CONCLUSION: The BMD in WT and the LM increased, indicating that the dynamic of alterations showed for multivariate exercises program was effective, improving the women health, specifically in sarcopenia and bone mass.