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GAZZETTA MEDICA ITALIANA ARCHIVIO PER LE SCIENZE MEDICHE
A Journal on Internal Medicine and Pharmacology
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2014 January-February;173(1-2):29-38
The level and relationship between speed and agility according to the playing roles in elite young soccer players
Teplan J. 1, Malý T. 1, 2, Zahálka F. 1, Malá L. 1
1 Sport Research Centre, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic;
2 Department of Sport Games, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
Aim: The purpose of the study was to determine the level and relationship between speed and agility for individual playing roles in young Czech elite players and to compare the results with previously presented foreign studies.
Methods: The research group consisted of 31 players divided according to their playing roles (goalkeepers, defenders, midfielders and attackers). Players performed the following tests: 5m sprint (S5), 10 m sprint (S10), 20 m flying sprint (F20) and 505 agility test with turning on the dominant (A505D) and non-dominant leg (A505N).
Results: In S5 test, the best time (1.07±0.05 s) was achieved by midfielders; on the contrary, the worst time (1.11±0.02 s) was found in defenders. This difference was significant (p<0.05). The best time in S10 test was recorded in attackers while the worst time in goalkeepers. In F20 test, attackers achieved the best time (2.34±0.07 s). We observed a significant difference between attackers’ and midfielders’ performance (p<0.05). Performance in S5 and S10 significantly correlated (p<0.01). Performance in F20 significantly correlated only with S10 performance. Significant correlation was also found between performance in A505DL and A505NL (r=0.58, p<0.01). Agility test A505N correlated with performance in S10 (p<0.01).
Conclusion: This problem has not been solved yet and it would be appropriate to deal more with it in order to improve the quality of training process and to observe typical characteristics of individual playing roles.