Home > Journals > Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche > Past Issues > Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2013 July-August;172(7-8) > Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2013 July-August;172(7-8):587-94

CURRENT ISSUE
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Reprints

GAZZETTA MEDICA ITALIANA ARCHIVIO PER LE SCIENZE MEDICHE

A Journal on Internal Medicine and Pharmacology


Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index

 

ORIGINAL ARTICLES  


Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2013 July-August;172(7-8):587-94

language: English

Fall risk types and the fall prevalence rates of Japanese community-dwelling elderly

Demura S. 1, Sato S. 2, Shin S. 3, Sugiura H. 1, Uchiyama M. 4

1 Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Kanazawa University, Kakuma, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan;
2 Life-Long Sports Core, Kanazawa,Institute of Technology, Nonoichi, Ishikawa, Japan;
3 Gifu University, Graduate School of Medicine Gifu, Japan;
4 Akita Prefectural University, Akita, Japan


PDF  


Aim: Aim of the study was to identify common fall risk types and their fall prevalence rates from a questionnaire-based fall risk assessment on the community-dwelling elderly.
Methods: Participants were 1,122 elderly aged 60 and over, living independently in a community. Fall risk characteristics were assessed by Demura’s fall risk assessment, which is composed of 50 items representing five risk factors: “potential for falling”, “physical function”, “disease and physical symptoms”, “environment”, and “behavior and character”. We examined the presence or absence of high-risk symptom for each risk factor, and calculated what fall risk types more commonly appear in the population and their fall prevalence rates.
Results: Although 41.6% of the participants had no high-risk symptoms in any risk factor, about 25% of them had more than one high-risk symptom. Over 70% of the elderly with double high-risk symptoms had risks in physical function and behavior and character, and 79.3% of elderly with triple high-risk symptoms had risks in physical function, disease and physical symptoms, and behavior and character. The prevalence rates increased as the number of high-risk symptoms increased (none, 9.6%; single, 14.4%; double, 19.8%; triple, 45.1%; and quadruple, 80.0%).
Conclusion: About 40% of the community-dwelling elderly have no high-risk symptom for any fall risk factor, and one quarter of them have more than one high-risk symptom. Among the elderly with any high-risk symptom, many have high-risk symptoms regarding physical function and behavior and character, and their fall prevalence rates tend to be higher than other fall risk types.

top of page

Publication History

Cite this article as

Corresponding author e-mail