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GAZZETTA MEDICA ITALIANA ARCHIVIO PER LE SCIENZE MEDICHE
A Journal on Internal Medicine and Pharmacology
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2012 October;171(5):583-9
The effects of a six-week aerobic training on premenstrual syndrome
Department of Sport and Health, Çukurova University of Physical Education and Sport, Adana, Turkey
Aim. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a training program based upon aerobic exercises would be effective in the treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome.
Methods. Forty-nine female patients with premenstrual syndrome and whose ages ranged between 18-32 (22.45±2.81) were randomized into two groups: Exercise Group=(EG, n:23) and control group=(CG, n:26). A six weeks training program lasted six weeks consisting of two stages (the first three weeks lasted 40 minutes and the other was in the second half lasted 50) minutes The participants in the CG were not exposed to any treatment. The effects were assessed at baseline and after 6 weeks. Two instrumentation tools were used. The primary one was VAS (Visual Analogue Scale), and the other was Premenstrual Syndrome Questionnaire (PMSQ). A Two-Way ANAVO for mixed measures was utilized in the analysis.
Results. PMSQ total scores of those in the EG after the training programme were lower than those of CG, which led to a statistically significant difference between the pre and post tests of EG and between EG and CG respectively. In addition, a statistically significant difference (p=0.037) was observed between the pre-post tests, VAS of EG and CG.
Conclusion. Aerobic exercise had positive effects on PMSQ scores and VAS score parameters in patients with PMS. The results suggest that these types of exercises may be used in the management of PMS patients.