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GAZZETTA MEDICA ITALIANA ARCHIVIO PER LE SCIENZE MEDICHE
A Journal on Internal Medicine and Pharmacology
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2012 October;171(5):559-66
Isokinetic eccentric evaluation of upper limbs in handball goalkeepers with elbow syndrome
Hatzimanouil D., Lazaridis S. N., Yiannakos A.
Department of Physical Education and Sports ScienceAristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
aim. The aim of the study was to measure the bilateral eccentric elbow flexion and extension, forearm pronation and supination and the wrist flexion and extension strength in handball goalkeepers with “handball goalie’s elbow” syndrome and to assess the effectiveness of a particular strengthening program.
Methods. The sample consisted of sixteen top level male goalkeepers who had suffered from elbow injury. The subjects were divided into an experimental group which underwent a strengthening program with constant resistance for three months and a control group which was not subjected to any muscular strengthening program. The program was isotonic with resistance training utilizing free-weights.
Results. The experimental group exhibited significant differences in a relatively small number of test conditions.
Conclusion. It was concluded that the strengthening program with constant resistance was not effective for this particular group of subjects. Players must perform strengthening exercises in order to prevent “handball goalie’s elbow” using at the same time other preventive means and must not exclusively rely on strengthening protocols.