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GAZZETTA MEDICA ITALIANA ARCHIVIO PER LE SCIENZE MEDICHE
A Journal on Internal Medicine and Pharmacology
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2012 October;171(5):551-7
Influence of pilates training on dancers’ performance
Amorim T. P. 1, Sousa F. M. 2, Rodrigues Dos Santos J. A. 3
1, 3 University of Porto, Faculty of Sports, Track and Field Department, Porto, Portugal;
2 University of Porto, Faculty of Sports, Biomechanics Laboratory, Porto, Portugal
Aim. The aim of the present study was to test the effectiveness of a pilates training program to develop muscular strength, flexibility and balance in dance students.
Methods. Twelve female dance students were divided into 2 groups: experimental (n=6) and control (n=6). Both groups were assessed in the beginning and in the end of the study. Muscular strength was assessed measuring the time supported (seconds) in the technical skills developed (front, side, back). To asses flexibility, it was measured the angles among body segments in the technical skills developpé (front, side, back). Balance was evaluated using a Bertec force plate (4060-15), and the migration area of the centre of pressure was calculated in the attitude derriére skill. After the first moment of evaluation, the experimental group performed a Mat-Based Pilates Exercise during 11 weeks (2 sessions per week of 60 minutes).
Results. Statistic analyses (Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon tests) suggest significant differences on muscular strength and flexibility between the control and experimental group, after the Pilates training protocol. Nevertheless, no significant differences were obtained between groups at the level of the migration area of the centre of pressure after Pilates training.
Conclusion. It was concluded that Pilates training has a positive effect on dancers’ performance, improving their muscular strength and flexibility. Nevertheless, the present study cannot state if Pilates training benefits dancers’ balance.