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GAZZETTA MEDICA ITALIANA ARCHIVIO PER LE SCIENZE MEDICHE

A Journal on Internal Medicine and Pharmacology


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Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2012 August;171(4):447-51

language: English

The aerobic capacity as an indicator of physical ability in handball and judo players

Rankovic G. 1, Mutavdzic V. 2, Markovic S. 2, Beric D. 2, Lilic L. 3, Toskic D. 3, Stefanovic R. 3, Kocic M. 2, Ilic I. 2

1 Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Niš, Niš, Serbia;
2 Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Niš, Niš, Serbia;
3 Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Prishtina, Leposavic, Serbia


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Aim. The goal of our research was to offer a more complete account of the aerobic capacity as an indicator of physical ability of athletes and the particular differences in the aerobic abilities as found in particular sports, in comparison to non-athletes, i.e. untrained subjects.
Methods. The research encompassed the processes of determining absolute and relative VO2 max in thirty six subjects, all males. They were divided in two groups of active athletes (handball players, n=12, and judo athletes, n=8), while the third group of subjects comprised only non-athletes, those who were untrained and served as the control group. The values of VO2 max were determined by bicycle ergometry in duration of six minutes and were obtained by the Astrand method.
Results. The highest values of VO2max were noted in the handball players’ group (58,64±10,72 ml/kg/min) and they were statistically significantly higher (p<0,01) than the other groups. The judo athletes’ oxygen uptake was 48,55±10,91 ml/kg/min, while the group of non-athletes exhibited statistically significantly smaller values such as 41,53±1,14 ml/kg/min in comparison to both groups of athletes.
Conclusion. Our results indicate that the highest values of VO2 max were found in handball players which hint at the game of handball as more demanding in terms of stamina in comparison to judo. The values of VO2 max were statistically significantly smaller than in non-athletes (untrained subjects), and, in turn, also smaller with regard to both groups of athletes (trained subjects). This is indubitably due to the training processes in both sports.

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