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GAZZETTA MEDICA ITALIANA ARCHIVIO PER LE SCIENZE MEDICHE
A Journal on Internal Medicine and Pharmacology
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2012 August;171(4):425-36
Evaluation of the information level on doping with high level Serbian athletes
Antić D., Ostojić S.
Department for Sport, Faculty of Sport and Tourism, Novi Sad, Serbia
aim. The aim of this research was to establish the level of information on doping with high level Serbian sportsmen, as well as their possible motives for doping usage.
Methods. This survey was accomplished as a transverse study with empirical characteristic and included 478 participants of different age who had membership in the high level league and national team status, because they are tested for doping. With the purpose of collecting data, a questionnaire was used as a non-standard research technique. Using the statistical analysis of data, statistically significant difference between groups of participants with respect to sex and type of sport and was quantified.
Results. According to the participants, the most common source of information on doping are the coach or physician (20.7%). When it comes to the questions related to the respondent’s knowledge about the specific substances which are used as doping, as well as to the doping procedure, a low percentage of respondents answered correctly (e.g. 14.2% participants knew that stanozolol is an anabolic androgenic steroid; 24.1% participants correctly answered that amphetamine is a stimulant; 28.9% participants knew that intravenous infusions are prohibited except for those received in the course of hospital admissions, etc.). The answers to the questions about doping substances and doping procedure were mainly statistically significant difference between groups with respect to type of sport (p<0.05). In participants’ opinion, the most important motive for using doping in sport is victory in the competition, then progress in one’s sport career, physical looks, raising self-confidence and susceptibility to the influence of others (impressionableness).
Conclusion. The results of this survey show that athletes have insufficient knowledge about different aspects of doping. These results could be a good direction for uncovering the reason of that situation as well as for planning actions which would be directed to the education of sportsmen about the proper use of dietary supplements and doping.