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GAZZETTA MEDICA ITALIANA ARCHIVIO PER LE SCIENZE MEDICHE
A Journal on Internal Medicine and Pharmacology
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2012 August;171(4):403-8
The effect of tibial torsion and femoral anteversion on access of anterior cruciate ligament and meniscus cartilage tears
Gandomi F. 1, Saeb M. 2, Behpoor N. 3, Ahanjan Sh. 4, Nemati S. 4
1 Department of Physical Education, Islamic Azad University, Islamabad Branch, Eslamabad gharb, Iran;
2 Department of Orthopedics, Medical Science University, Kermanshah, Iran;
3 Department of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran;
4 Department of Sports Injuries, Faculty of Physical Education, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
Aim. The aims of this study were to evaluate of the effect of axial deformity such as, tibial torsion and femoral anteversion on access of Anterior Cruciate ligament (ACL) and meniscus cartilage tears in the elite athletes.
Methods. Three 11-person groups with damaged ACL ligament, damaged meniscus, and with no damages participated in this research. Athletes with meniscus and ACL tears are selected randomly by referring to medical records and unaffected group selected by randomly from basketball, football and handball fields. To evaluate femoral and leg’s torsion angles (tibial torsion and thigh anteversion), CT scan instrument was used.
Results. In this research attended by 33 male athletes with means of age 24.3±5.2 yr, of height 1.795±8.4 m, and of weight 76.5±12.5 kg, investigation showed that none under-study variables, including abnormalities of tibial torsion and thigh anteversion, were significantly different among studied groups.
Conclusion. Despite that many researchers have been considered torsional factors of lower extremity as risk factor of the ACL ligament ruptures, but the results of this study showed that factors of tibial - and/or thigh - direction torsion cannot be considered as risk factors for meniscus and ACL ante - cruciate ligament damages.