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Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Online ISSN 1827-1812
Takahashi M. 1, Tatsugi Y. 1, Kohno T. 2
1 International Budo University, Faculty of Physical Education, Katsuura, Chiba, Japan;
2 Department of Bioenvironmental Medicine, Chiba University, Graduate School of Medicine Chiba, Chiba, Japan
Aim. Some athletes who abuse performance-enhancing drugs worry about the side effects of such drugs, especially anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS). In Japan, there are publicly accessible websites managed by drug abusers that provide athletes with information about performance-enhancing drugs. We analyzed the state of drug abuse among players of American football in Japan by analyzing postings on a bulletin board of one such website presumably managed by drug abusers and used for communication among drug abusers.
Methods. We analyzed the content of all postings on the bulletin board from 2003 to 2006. We divided the content of postings from 2005 and 2006 intreo groups according to key words.
Results. There were only 2 communications in 2004, but in 2005 the number increased to 300 and further increased to 1408 in 2006. In 2005, “methods of doping” were discussed in 72 communications, “efficacy” in 50, “side effects” in 37, and “drug selection” in 30. Furthermore, postings indicated that 10 individuals were thinking about using drugs, 47 were using drugs at the time, and 44 had previously abused drugs. In 2006, “methods of doping” were discussed in 64, “efficacy” in 56, “side effects” in 70, “drug selection” in 51, and the “cost of drugs” in 22. Postings for 2006 indicated that 134 individuals were considering using drugs, 122 were using drugs at the time, and 62 had previously abused drugs.
Conclusion. Due to the increasing number of drug abusers, it is necessary to have an official government system.