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Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Online ISSN 1827-1812
Nakhostin-Roohi B., Barmaki S.
Department of Exercise Physiology, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran
Aim. All over the world Muslim athletes continue to train and compete during the Ramadan month. The purpose of this study was to evaluate athletes’ nutritional, sleep and exercise patterns during Ramadan.
Methods. Of 30 kinds of sport athletes who were active during Ramadan, six groups were selected randomly. Data collection was conducted by means of a self-administered two-page questionnaire. Every athlete accepted to fill up the questionnaire and handed back the questionnaire after completing it.
Results. Just 16% of athletes did exercise after Iftar. Just 45 (27.8%) participants consumed all types of food during Ramadan. Forty-six (28.4%) athletes did not have Sahour; 58.6% of participants had lack of night sleep and 38.9% did not compensate sleep during day. Unfortunately just 12.3% of athletes’ decreased duration and intensity of exercise and the others adversely increased or did not change them.
Conclusion. Muslim athletes, who fast during Ramadan, must adopt more suitable strategies to keep their fitness level and prevent potential risks. They must consume Sahour, all types of food and lots of necessary fluids. They should lower duration and intensity of exercise during Ramadan, compensate lack of sleep during day and do exercise preferably after Iftar.