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GAZZETTA MEDICA ITALIANA ARCHIVIO PER LE SCIENZE MEDICHE
A Journal on Internal Medicine and Pharmacology
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2012 February;171(1):59-64
Gender differences in sport injury: a retrspective study of elite windsurfers
Pérez-Turpin J. A., Cortell-Tormo J. M., Suárez-Llorca C., Chinchilla-Mira J. J., Carreres-Ponsoda F.
Area of Physical Education and Sports, University of Alicante, Alicante, Spain
Aim. There is little literature dealing with the differences between men and women regarding sports injuries. This study was designed to identify the differences of injuries by gender, from their anatomical location, type of sport, context when they occurred, type of injury, the time of inactivity as a result of the same, the type of health care received and the relationship between the number of injuries and the position in the final classification of professional windsurfing competitions.
Methods. We gave a retrospective questionnaire to 57 elite windsurfers (39 men and 18 women) who took part in the World Cup competition held in Fuerteventura (2008).
Results. Men are injured more frequently during competition (79.5%; P<0.05 vs. 22.2% respectively) and women during training (77.8%; P<0.05 vs. 20.5%). Women suffer leg injuries more than men (83.3%; P<0.05 vs. 14.3%) in freestyle. Serious injuries were more frequent for women (66.7%; P<0.05 vs. 28.2%) and the time of inactivity due to the injury was shorter for women (50%; P<0.05 vs. 20.5%).
Conclusion: These results indicate that female windsurfers are more liable to suffer injuries, generally serious, during training sessions. Freestyle involves a greater risk of leg injuries for women. The knee is the area where most injuries occur, both for men and women, followed by the legs.