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A Journal on Internal Medicine and Pharmacology
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2012 February;171(1):35-43
The female athlete triad in physically active college aged females
Battista R. A. 1, Foster C. 2, Davis J. 2, Wright G. 2
1 Department of Health, Leisure and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC, USA
2 Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin, La Crosse, La Crosse, Wisconsin, USA
Aim. The aim of this study was to observe which component or combination of components of the Female Athlete Triad was present in a sample of active females.
Methods. Thirty-five college aged females who were moderately active and not using oral contraceptives participated in this study. All participants recorded their physical activity for three days and nutrient intake for 24 hours in order to estimate energy expenditure and intake. In addition, information concerning their menstrual cycle history was obtained. Finally, a DEXA scan was used to obtain bone mineral density and body composition.
Results. Frequencies of each component of the Triad were tallied and showed none of the participants met the criteria for all three of the components. Only one participant showed signs for both low energy availability and irregular menstrual cycles. No other combinations of the components of the Female Athlete Triad were present.
Conclusion. Overall, our results suggest that physically active college aged females are at a very low risk for the Female Athlete Triad.